The Imperial Garden of The Palace Museum

The Imperial Garden, situated at the northernmost point of the Forbidden City in Beijing, stands as a testament to imperial grandeur and tranquility. Nestled behind the Palace of Earthly Tranquility, this lush garden was meticulously designed to provide a serene retreat for emperors and their consorts, offering respite from the rigors of court life while also serving various practical functions.

Originally constructed in the 18th year of the Ming Dynasty’s Yongle period in 1420 AD, the Imperial Garden has undergone extensions and renovations over the centuries while still retaining its original layout and design. Spanning 80 meters from south to north and 140 meters from east to west, the garden covers an area of 12,000 square meters, representing 1.5% of the total area of the Forbidden City.

Throughout its history, the Imperial Garden has served multiple purposes, including providing a space for imperial leisure activities such as relaxation, enjoying the beauty of nature, and engaging in physical exercise. It was also utilized for sacrificial rites, housing book collections, and serving as a venue for scholarly pursuits such as reading and study.

Today, visitors to the Forbidden City can explore the Imperial Garden and marvel at its carefully curated landscapes, which include tranquil ponds, picturesque pavilions, winding pathways, and ancient trees. The garden’s timeless charm and historical significance offer a glimpse into the opulent lifestyle of China’s imperial rulers, making it a cherished cultural treasure within the heart of Beijing’s iconic Forbidden City.

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